Rare adverse effects embrace overdose that will would like medical attention right away. Symptoms of overdose effects are excessive sweating, flushed and red skin, headaches, palpitation, dizziness followed by retching, dangerous vision, strange behaviour, sleepiness, dryness in the mouth and feeling of disorientation. prilosec side effectsMorphine
Log # 1

acid reflux


model of a morphine molecule
model of a morphine molecule



Molecular Formula: C17H19NO3
Mass: 285.4 g/mol

Out of opium's 24 alkaloids, morphine is the most abundant. It was named after Morpheus, Rome's god of dreams. Part of the reason for this is that aside from numbing pain, morphine also alters mood and induces sleep. A few other unmentioned results of the intake of morphine are nausea and vomiting.

Morphine is in a group of drugs called narcotic pain relievers, which obviously indicates that it is a pain reliever. It dulls the pain perception center in the brain. Although it should be used only for medical purposes, people use it in different ways, which is very dangerous because the misuse of this drug can produce some very serious side effects. An example of this is the American Civil War, where 400,000 soldiers became addicted to morphine.


Citations:
http://www.drugs.com/morphine.html



Week # 2

Vanillin


Picture of Vanillin
Picture of Vanillin

C8 H8 O3

Picture of Vanillin
Picture of Vanillin








Vanillin is a white crystalline solid. It's formula is C8H8O2. The melting point of vanillin is 80 degrees Celcius. Vanilla and vanillin are not the same thing. Vanillin is actually obtained from the vanilla plant. Extracts of vanilla contain over 200 different molecules, and 98% of it is vanillin. Nicholas-Theodore Gobley was the first person to actually extract the vanillin from the plants. Synthetic vanillin is used for flavoring in many other things such as food, beverages, and pharmaceuticals. It is especially important to ice cream and chocolate industries.






Citations
http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/motm/vanillin/vanillinjm.htm



Nicotine {just 4 fun, since someone else already did it}


external image S-nicotine.gif
external image S-nicotine2.gif

Formula
C10H14N2
Molecular Weight
162,234 g.mol-1
Melting point
-7,9 ° C
Boiling point
247 ° C






Description
Pale yellow to dark brown liquid with a slight, fishy odor when warm.
Insecticide.


The first person to observe nicotine was a French scientist named Vauquelin. The name nicotine was given in honor of Jean Nicot, who was one of the first people that imported tobacco in France in 1560. Nicotine is the drug in tobacco leaves. It's what keeps smokers addicted to cigarettes despite the harmful effects. There are several things people can do with nicotine. They can smoke, chew, or sniff it, and when they do, they are delivering it to the brain. Nicotine is not only used for humans. In fact, it is can be used as a pesticide on crops, which explains why one drop of pure nicotine would kill a person.

Did YOU know?? (Because I didn't...)

- When people say that smoking cigarettes makes them feel better or calms them down, they are actually telling the truth. Nicotine attaches to neurons, which are brain cells that release a neurotransmitter into your body called dopamine. Dopamine stimulates the brain's pleasure and its reward circuit (which is a group of brain structures involved in learning, memory, and feelings of pleasure). Pleasurable feelings can be from different things such as food, comfort, and from being around people you care about. Now, when people say that smoking gives them pleasure, it's true because when you smoke, it causes a flood of dopamine in your brain, which gives you feelings of pleasure.


Effects of Nicotine on the Brain - Watch the top videos of the week here












Citation: Nicotine. (n.d.). Retrieved November 15, 2008, from http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/
motm/nicotine/Eindex.html
Nicotine. (n.d.). Retrieved November 15, 2008, from http://teens.drugabuse.gov/
facts/facts_nicotine2.asp#common_effects
Skatole

How it is formed.
Skatole formation from tryptophan
Skatole formation from tryptophan